Category Archives: Finance

Standby Letter of Credit Is Useful for Financial Funding

The format of letter of credit under a Standby letter can also be beneficial for payment on a deal. When reclaimed, the letter pay costs a broker and also the letter can be beneficial in a land development work to make sure that the permitted people investment will be assembled. The corporations to a Letter credit are generally a recipient who is to earn the money, the issuing bank of whom the applier is a client and the advising bank of whom the recipient is a client.

The key thing to remember with the standby letter of credit is bank it deals only in documents or goods and does not comprise them in the assurance and bond between two groups immediately. The only anxiety of issuing the bank is the circumstances and terms of the letter. There are numerous banks that are capable of providing this letter.

The Categories of standby Letter of credit:-

  • A performance Standby: – This category of letter maintains accountability except paying money, comprises of the advantage of loss happens from a fails to pay of the applicant in completing the fundamental deal.
  • An advance payment Standby: – This category of letter maintains the commitment of early payment done by the recipient to the supplier.
  • A bid bond or tender-bond standby: – This letter maintains the commitment of the contender to accomplish a contract if the contender is rewarded a bid.
  • A Counter standby: – This supports the emergence of an independent replacement by the recipient of the contradict replacement.
  • A Financial Standby: – This maintains the duty to pay the amount, inclusive of any tool pointing a duty to pay the rented amount.
  • A direct Pay: – This substitute maintains payment when due of a primary duty especially in relation with financial substitute without access to an offense.
  • An Insurance Standby: – This maintains a protection responsibility of the contenders.
  • A commercial standby: – This maintains the responsibility of a contender to pay for services and goods in the occurrence of no expense by other modes.

In relation to other types of letter of credit, the standby letter of credit is more profitable for commercial. This kind of letter uses original bill and documents of shipping in order to earn amount for the retail from a buyer to seller.

 

Consider While Selecting a Financial Planner

To ensure your financial planner is well-qualified in personal finances and impartial in his advice, consider the following five things:

1. Planning Credentials: Having a highly-regarded credential in financial planning, such as Certified Financial Planner (CFP) or Personal Financial Specialist (PFS), confirms that the professional you intend to work with has acquired the education and experience necessary to serve as a financial planner. CFP and PFS credentials are awarded to only those individuals who have met the certification requirements of education and experience in planning for personal finances. In addition, they have to pass the certification examinations and agree adhere to the practice standards and continuing education requirements.

2. Subject Matter Expertise: Financial planners are planning professionals, not necessarily subject matter experts. For example, a financial planner will be skilled in tax analysis and planning,but unlike a Certified Public Account (CPA) or an IRS Enrolled Agent (EA) he might not necessarily be a subject matter expert when it comes to tax rules Similarly,a he could be skilled in chalking out an investment plan, but unlike a Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) he may not be an authority in the subject of investments. Work with a financial planner who is also a subject matter expert in those areas of personal finance that are important in achieving your financial goals.

3. Client Specialization: Not all financial planners serve all types of clients. Most specialize in serving only certain types of clients with specific profiles. For example, a personal planner may build his expertise and customize his services to serve only those individuals and families who are in certain professions, or a particular stage of life with specific financial goals and net worth. Ask whether the planner specializes in serving only certain types of clients with specific profiles to determine whether he is the right fit for your situation and financial goals.

4. Availability: He or she should be regularly available, attentive, and accessible to you. Ask the planner how many clients he currently serves and the maximum number of clients he is planning to serve in the future regularly. This clients-to-planner ratio is one of the key factors in assessing your planner’s availability to you in the future. Also, ask which planning activities are typically performed by the planner and which ones are delegated to a para planner or other junior staff members. Lastly, make sure the planner is easily accessible via phone and email during normal business hours.

5. Fee structure: The fee structure largely determines whose interests he serves best – his client’s or his own. A Fee-Only professional charges only fees for their advice whereas a Fee-Based professional not only charges fees but also earns commissions, referral fees and other financial incentives on the products and solutions they recommend for you. Consequently, the advice from a fee-only one is more likely to be unbiased and in your best interests than the advice from a fee-based financial planner. Work with a professional whose fee structure is conflict-free and aligned to benefit you.

The Origin Of Islamic Banking

This banking system is based on the principles of Islamic law, also referred to as Sharia law, and guided by Islamic economics. The two basic principles are the sharing of profit and loss and the prohibition of the collection and payment of interest by lenders and investors. Islamic banks neither charge nor pay interest in a conventional way where the payment of interest is set in advance and viewed as the predetermined price of credit or the reward for money deposited. Islamic law accepts the capital reward for loan providers only on a profit- and loss-sharing basis, working on the principle of variable return connected to the actual productivity and performances of the financed project and the real economy.

Another important aspect is its entrepreneurial feature. The system is focused not only on financial expansion but also on physical expansion of economic production and services. In practice, there is a higher concentrated on investment activities such as equity financing, trade financing and real estate investments. Since this system of banking is grounded in Islamic principles, all the undertakings of the banks follow Islamic morals. Therefore, it could be said that financial transactions within Islamic banking are a culturally distinct form of ethical investing. For example, investments involving alcohol, gambling, pork, etc. are prohibited.

For the last four decades, the Islamic banking system has experienced a tremendous evolution from a small niche visible only in Islamic countries to a profitable, dynamic and resilient competitor at an international level. Their size around the world was estimated to be close to $850 billion at the end of 2008 and is expected to grow by around 15 percent annually.

While system of banking remains the main component of the Islamic financial system, the other elements, such as Takaful (Islamic insurance companies), mutual funds and Sukuk (Islamic bonds and financial certificates), have witnessed strong global growth, too. Per a reliable estimate, the Islamic financial industry now amounts to over $1 trillion

Definition Of Bonds

Bonds by definition are an instrument of indebtedness. While that doesn’t sound very appealing and not very much on the side of making money, in fact they are used to make money. It is a case of debt security. Your company wants financing and so to get that you get into the bond market.

The issuer holds the holder debt and then pays interest and/or repays the loan at a later date. Think of it like a regular loan, only the time you have to repay them can vary largely, most have a 30 year term, some have upwards of 50 years and some don’t have a maturity date at all.

You, if you hold bonds will have to pay interest at fixed times throughout the term, usually on a regular basis and they, in turn will fund your endeavors to finance long term investments. Regular small businesses wouldn’t necessarily have to go down this road, but large conglomerates and the government itself do.

The bond is a form of a loan, albeit a large one. The holder of it is called the lender (think bank or larger) while the issuer is the borrower. Banks aren’t the only institutions that can issue bonds, as public authorities, credit institutions and companies can also do it to build their wealth.

The common process is one of underwriting, where one or more securities firms join together to form a syndicate. This syndicate then buys an entire issue of bonds from the issuer and then resells them to investors around the world. This is the case for many transactions, however, the government has bonds issued at auction which is a whole other issue entirely.

While both stocks and bonds are securities, they do differ in how they are bought, how they are sold and how they are traded. Stocks for instance don’t have a maturity date that you have to pay them off by as they are things you purchase in the first place. Having stock in something is a whole other idea to having a bond in it.

Tips on Improving Your Finances for Life

When you make a budget, it should be realistic regarding your income and spending habits. Be sure to include all of your income such as alimony, child support, rental income, or any other. Always use your net income not your gross earnings in these calculations. Once you have the numbers, you can consider how to adjust your spending to stay within your income range. To maintain your budget never exceed your incoming cash flow.

The next step is to total up your expenses, and you should make a list of all monthly expenses. Your list should document each and every expense that you have whether it expense, spontaneous or just a one time expense. Remember that this list needs to have a complete breakdown of your costs. Be sure to add in expenses that you have from restaurant dinners and fast food as well as grocery bills.

Reduce expenses linked to your cars, such as gas and insurance. If you have payments that you make quarterly or less frequently, divide them up to reflect a monthly payment. Make sure you include incidental expenses, for instance, baby sitters or storage unit rentals. Try to have the most accurate list possible.

Now that you have a good idea of your income and expenditures, you can start planning a new budget. Look at each expenditure on your list, and decide what you could do without. If you normally buy coffee from a cafe, calculate how much money you would save on a weekly basis if you bought it from McDonald’s instead, or made it at home. Exactly what and how much you are willing to compromise is completely up to you. The first step is identifying expenses that are not necessary so you can use the money for something else.

If your utility bills are rising, you may want to upgrade your appliances to save some money. Upgrading to well-fitted double-glazed windows, for example, can reduce your heating bill dramatically. Besides you can repair any leaky pipes and only run the dishwasher with a full load.

Swap old, inefficient appliances for those that use less energy. Although doing so may cost you some money upfront, over the long-term you will save a fair penny on your utility bills. Unplug the appliances you do not need. In time you will notice significant savings in your energy consumption.

You can make a significant decrease in your heating and cooling bills by improving your insulation, as well as the roof above it. Insulation or roofing issues can be very costly, as maintaining a regular temperature in the home can be expensive. If you invest in the upgrades, it will save you a lot of money in the long run.

Borrow Money in India As a National

Why apply for loans online
First of all, it is extremely easy and fast. It only takes minutes to provide the lender the needed information and submit your application. Then, you need to wait to be approved, but with certain lenders that can be instant. The third and final stage is when the money is deposited straight into the borrower’s bank account. The entire process is automated, so the borrower does not have to meet any person in order to obtain the loan. Personal or business loans can be obtained on the Internet through the peer-to-peer lending system.

The kind of loans one can apply for
In India, it is possible to apply online for short or long term loans. The money obtained this way can be used for various purposes, such as marriage, education, car, land or home purchase and so on. Loans generally start at Rs. 10,000. Make sure to pay maximum attention when you agree on the repayments period – you must make sure you can make repayments as promised.

Eligibility criteria
To obtain a loan online without any hassle, just make sure you follow the guidelines. Also, you need to meet the eligibility criteria. Before applying, the individual needs to gather all the documents required. The PAN card will usually be necessary, as well as Aadhar card. The client must provide an address proof. The electricity bills required are not always a substitute for this proof of address. As soon as all the documents are gathered, the client should scan these and send the copies online in the provided form. Lenders require to see each client’s credit score before they decide whether to approve the loan or not. In addition, borrowers definitely need to have a valid bank account, so the money can be delivered. Nationality and residency are also important matters here. Applicants need to make proof of their Indian nationality.

How the Aadhar card helps
Having an Aadhar card can help you obtain a loan on fair terms. The purpose of the project involving it was to secure everyone’s social identity permanently. A card with a unique identification number holding biometric data can easily and accurately provide proof of identity and residency

Financial Portfolio Management System

In this age of big data, business intelligence, and data analytics, legacy systems can represent a massive risk to your business. If day-to-day operations require the ability to manage process, distribute, and accurately report financial data, being behind the curve is not an option. If this sounds familiar, it is time to ask, “How did we get here?” and more importantly “How do we get out?”

Here are the seven signs that will tell you if you have a decaying system and how it must ideally operate:

1. Facing difficulties while managing data due to disparate systems?

Maintaining data in different systems or manually moving move data from one system to another will lead to inconsistency and errors. Is your data quickly identifiable, consistent across multiple systems, complete, accurate, and reconciled among different systems? If your answer is a NO to these questions, you must reevaluate your platform. Your system must be able to eliminate manual data flow, update all the data with a single change, deliver timely and accurate reporting including intra-day, and make data easily traceable.

2. Are your client communications professional?

Investors expect your reporting to be clear, concise, and highly customized to their needs. This statement holds especially true for institutional investors. Organizations that can meet these expectations will have an immense competitive advantage over those that cannot. If your current system does not deliver the level of reporting your clients expect, you will run the risk of falling behind.

Your client expectations are not limited to the form and content of reporting, but also to how you deliver information. They expect instant access to real-time information, be it through a web portal or a mobile platform to stay relevant and highly competitive, your systems must be flexible enough to send and receive communications via any channel of your client’s choosing.

3. Struggling to cope with complex global investments?

Dealing with multiple regional and global investment regulations such as UCITS V and VI, Solvency II, AIFMD, and EMIR is a daunting task. All these regulations require you to maintain reliable, accurate, and transparent data. To comply with these regulations, you need Workflow Management, Data Management, and accurate reporting. Data, managing risk, and maintaining accuracy is critical to comply with regulatory reporting requirements.

With the increase in data sources and data complexities, your organizations need solution providers who can help you manage your data. Your system must not only be scalable but also provide actionable business intelligence in a format that is easily understood.

4. Finding it hard to achieve Integration of disparate systems?

Real integration is not a matter of simply connecting systems – your systems must be able to talk to each other seamlessly. Manually moving data from one system to another affects your efficiency, thereby, increasing the risk of errors. Integrating disparate systems not only reduces these risks but also improves efficiency by ensuring that back office and front office personnel can view transactions, cash positions, and holdings identically. This ensures that the entries are recorded accurately in your Investment Book of Records (IBOR).

Many organizations use multiple systems for accounting, reporting, reconciliation and managing client information. If different vendors have provided these systems, making them talk to each other could be a challenging process. If you have workarounds or portfolios that reside outside of your legacy system, it is time to rethink its usability. Your system must allow centralized and standardized portfolio management activity. In an end-to-end portfolio management solution that is built on open architecture, the work of multiple systems is consolidated into a single platform. Such a solution will allow easy access to third-party systems or any other system that is built in-house, thereby enabling you to reduce technology footprint while driving greater efficiency.

5. Escalating legal and compliance costs?

A 2013 survey of Chief Technology Officers suggests that one of the biggest operations and technology challenges that asset managers face is to comply with the current and future regulatory requirements. The complex regulations make outdated reporting systems more of a liability than an asset. The compliance costs of regulations such as AIFMD, UCITS V, and VI, or FATCA-are overtaking many budgets. Additionally, aggregating data from different systems for compliance reporting is a risky and resource-consuming process. To reduce these risks and costs simultaneously, your system must be prepared to deliver consolidated reporting, by leveraging automation, integration, and standardization of data from various sources. Your systems must also eliminate the manual compilation of data for reporting, thereby increasing efficiency and cutting associated compliance labor costs while ensuring integrity, consistency, and reducing your operating risk.

Boost Your Kid’s Money Management Skills

Teach Kids About the Importance of an Allowance – Most allowances are tied to chores like making beds, doing dishes or taking out the trash. It’s always beneficial to give them the opportunity to earn additional money for larger chores. However you chose to dole out the allowance, it’s also important to accentuate that saving and sharing are just as important as spending. Teach kids to set aside money in their piggy banks or use a bank account to reserve portions of their allowance.

Bank & ATM Visits – Visiting the bank or the local ATM is a perfect way to explain where money comes from. Explain that banks don’t just give out money but it’s a place to keep the money they’ve earned. Call and arrange with your local credit union a tour of the branch to show how money is stored and dispensed.

Delayed Gratification – Teaching kids that good things come to those who wait will help battle the buy now, pay later attitude. Always reinforce the idea that waiting pays off. This approach could help them ward off credit card debt later in life.

Brand Names Do Not Always Mean Better – Reinforce that it’s not always beneficial to shop by brands. At the grocery store illustrate that generic products can save significant amounts of money for people on a budget.

Keep Track of Their Money – Show children the importance of knowing where their money is going. Have them keep track of their money in a notebook or on the computer. You can even make a file where they can organize their store receipts and bank statements.

Wants vs. Needs – At the center of any good money management program is the capacity to differentiate between wants and needs. This realization will help build the groundwork for managing finances as an adult.

Build a Budget – Have your child sit down with you and generate a monthly budget. Explain the reasons to keep track of all monthly expenses and then see how much money is left over to either save or make a purchase they want instead of need.

Create a Wish List – It’s hard for everyone to have priorities, so sit down with your kids and make a wish list of everything they want to do with their money. It will help to rank the items on the list by importance.

Games & Other Budgeting Activities – Games like Monopoly, Life and Easy Money are great ways for parents to practice money management skills with children. Research the Internet for other fun ideas and activities to promote children’s financial literacy.

Make the Most of Their Savings – Present your child with different savings accounts that could earn them interest like CD’s, bonds or regular savings accounts. Work with an interest calculator to show them how their money can grow over time with basic monthly interest. I’m sure they will be amazed.

Sound money management is a life skill you can teach your children, especially when they are young. Using yourself as an example is very important as they engage what’s going on around them. Make sure your lessons are age appropriate in an effort to lay a solid foundation for good money management skills as they grow into young adults.

Productivity for the Financial Sector

In a financial sector, especially in stocks, transactions happen in a single blink of an eye. Needless to say that these companies need to meticulously manage all the transactions and customer data. Thus, for streamlining these complex operations and increasing the level of efficiency, it is important to integrate an ERP software solution, which will deliver full data integration, ensure greater accuracy and accessibility of reports at real-time basis.

For a more detailed overview, here are some of the major advantageous aspects of using integrated ERP systems for the Financial sector.

Enhanced Productivity
One of the thriving benefits of ERP Integration is it allows a steady and quick boost to the business productivity of financial service companies. It manages and integrates all relevant business data for simplifying the operations and increasing productivity thereby, resulting in improved customers, boosting profit margins and maintaining partner relations better.

By deploying its extensive functionality, banks and other financial institutions can make their operations well-streamlined starting from the customer counter to strategy making level. This, in turn, will deliver consistent performance and unmatched operational efficiency.

Analysis and Integration
ERP for the financial service companies boosts the level of integration across varied organisational roles and operations. It helps the company to develop a single port of communication for employees, customers, managers and partners. Furthermore, it makes easier to have easy access to significant business data by using the finance module of ERP. This module consists of a range of specialised features including accounts receivable, accounts payable, general ledger, reconciliation, billing and payroll. All these features collectively help in performing various complex accounting tasks including collecting financial data, preparing financial reports, trailing balance data, quarterly and annual financial statements and balance sheets.

Reporting and Tracking
An advanced ERP solution hosts an array of features for the financial service companies, which help them to gather, analyse and comprehend data easily and prepare accurate reports as well. Thus, the users can easily explore and access data on real-time basis. Using this integrated solution will help banks and other financial institutions to track data, products, investments and offer clients with complete information to make well-informed investment decisions.

A Safe Haven for Your Savings

Unfortunately, most of society has strayed away from this thinking.

The fact is Canadians aren’t saving as they once did and collectively are holding record high levels of debt. The average household savings rate in Canada has dropped from about 20 percent in the 1980’s, to 5.8 percent in the fourth quarter of 2016.

Many people believe they cannot save because after paying “all their bills” there’s nothing much left. However, understand that in most cases if you’re attempting to save after paying all your bills you may find this strategy to be futile. Instead, get in the habit of saving first or, consider it paying yourself first. Once you’ve developed this habit then you can look into what vehicle you want to save your cash in.

Generally speaking, when people DO consider saving often times the traditional approach is taken; open a bank savings account and dump as much cash in it as possible. Sit on it like a goose sits on her eggs and wait for your savings to hatch. The sad reality for most however, is making a future cash withdrawal only to be afforded the ability to buy less with their savings because inflation has eaten away at it. And you’ll always be on the losing side of a bank savings account because interest rates are not higher than inflation.

Another option many consider is putting money into the stock market however, one should not consider the stock market as a savings vehicle because the stock market has had a history of crashing dating back to beyond 1929.[ii]

Search the definition of saving in Webster’s dictionary and see “preservation from danger or destruction” while the definition of investing reads, “to commit (money) in order to earn a financial return.” Neither method is good or bad but you must understand which it is that you’re trying to do.

Finally, during my research I have found throughout history when people lose faith in their national currency, the banking system that controls it and their governments, many rush back to gold. Gold is the oldest form of money and has proved to be a safe haven for centuries. Gold cannot be printed, debased, or inflated. Simply put, gold is financial insurance.